Vicarious Trauma Toolkit


1. Excerpts from Caring for the Caregiver: Avoiding and Treating Vicarious Traumatization. 2003. From Sexual Assault, Victimization Across the Lifespan, pp 6-14.
Excerpt discusses briefly the protective factors that help alleviate or protect against the development of VT, but spends more time on features of organizations that actually contribute to VT (he calls it a “sick system”), then focuses on what can be done by the caregiver (the one who experiences the VT), and ends with a conclusion recommending “organizational universal precautions” to protect against VT and provide appropriate support when it happens.

2. Vicarious Traumatization: A Concept Analysis. 2011. Journal of Forensic Nursing. 2011. Pamela Tabor.
Discusses VT, “repetitive invasion of another’s trauma,” discusses and distinguishes among the various terms similar to VT, and concludes with discussions of prevention of VT and interventions to take when someone suffers from VT.

Self-inventory checklists

3. Professional Quality of Life Scale (PROQOL).
3-page worksheet; begins with questions, and then gives score based on questions with respect to compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress.

4. Intervening to improve compassion fatigue resiliency in nurse residents. 2016. K. Flarity, J. Jones, P. Reckard. Journal of Nurse Education and Practice. 6:12.

PowerPoint presentations

5. Reducing Vicarious Trauma of Child Death Review Team Members and Staff, October 2015 National Center presentation

6. Secondary Trauma, Self Care, and Application to Child Fatality Review. Amy Goldberg, MD, Brown University, and Leigh Reposa, LICSW, Rhode Island Youth Suicide Prevention Program
Short PowerPoint that discusses secondary trauma, warning signs, recognition barriers, trauma stewardship, person and team self-care recommendations, and examples of activities.

7. Self-care: Coping with client deaths. 2015. Abby Collier, Wisconsin CDR/FIMR and Children’s Health Alliance of Wisconsin.

8. Vicarious Trauma and Posttraumatic Growth: Identification and Interventions (for health care providers), Randy Chang, Psy.D. & April Rectanus, University of Maryland Care Clinic.
Defines VT, then discusses risk factors, how VT might manifest itself in healthcare settings, vicarious posttraumatic growth, and talks about use of self-care plans to prevent/treat VT.

9. Vicarious Trauma and Self Care for CDR Teams, August 2013. National Center presentation given in Tennessee.
Short PowerPoint about vicarious trauma and child death review teams: how to identify, prevent, and address it.

10. Resiliency Techniques for Responding to Mass Tragedies, Communities Trauma, and Violence. 2013. Siddharth Ashvin Shah, M.D., MPH.
Discusses stress and using trauma-informed care to help a traumatized individual, and then switches to discussion of community trauma, an “event that causes terror and leads to substantial losses.” The PP concludes with a role-playing exercise for caregivers of traumatized individuals.

11. Mental Armoring: Mitigating the effects of vicarious trauma for law enforcement officers, first responders, and mental health personnel who respond to the trauma of others. 2013. Siddharth Ashvin Shah, M.D., MPH, with Stress Inventory, Greenleaf Integrative Strategies; Resiliency in Work & Society
Workshop presentation and activities. Topics are neurobiology of stress and trauma, debunking old myths about resiliency; providing updated approach to resiliency; a list of what resilient workforces avoid; plus exercises/activities about stress and resiliency.

Other resources

12. Trauma Stewardship: An Everyday Guide to Caring for Self While Caring for Others. 2007. Laura van Dernoot Lipsky. 2007.

13. Concept Map of Vicarious Traumatization, Pamela Tabor.
Schematic of the factors of empathic engagement of victims of trauma that can lead to VT and a brief representation of services to address the VT.

14. Bibliography: Victim Advocacy Training; Vicarious Trauma References. 2014. National Children’s Advocacy Center.

15. What about you? A Workbook for Those Working with Others. National Center on Family Homelessness. 2011.

16. CDR and FIMR Teams and Staff and Vicarious Trauma. Graphic. 2016. National Center for Fatality Review and Prevention.
This graphic was based on the graphic in Pamela Tabor’s articles (above) and took additional content from a variety of the materials the work group received on this topic.